Alcoholism (குடிப்பழக்கம்), also known as alcohol use disorder (AUD), is a broad term for any drinking of alcohol that results in mental or physical health problems. This video is about, how to understand alcoholism from tamil perspective.
Alcoholism as a Disease
“Toward the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, addicts were often viewed as morally wrong and even shunned as being bad people or sinners. This type of thinking led many physicians of the time to fight to change common perceptions and try to help addicts instead of punish them. The formation of AA – Alcoholics Anonymous – in the 1930s and the publication of noted psychiatrist and Director of the Center of Alcohol Studies at Yale Medical School E. M. Jellinek’s famous book defining the concept of alcoholism as a medical disease facilitated moving alcoholism into a different light.
Jellinek is often called the father of the disease theory or model of alcoholism. His theory listed alcoholism as having stages that drinkers progressively passed through. These stages are:
- Pre-alcoholic phase, which includes social drinking when drinkers often start to develop a tolerance for alcohol and drink to relieve stress or feel better
- Prodromal phase, also considered the early-alcoholic stage where blackouts begin to occur, the drinker begins to drink alone and in secret, and thinks about alcohol frequently while their alcohol tolerance continues to grow
- Crucial phase characterized by a spiral of out-of-control drinking at inappropriate times and problems with daily life and relationships as well as physical changes to the brain and body
- Chronic phase which includes daily drinking, drinking as the main focus of life, health problems cropping up, cravings and withdrawal symptoms, and physical and mental long-term alcohol abuse issues” (Source)
Alcoholism is a one of many social problems in the tamil society. At Tamilshome we believe that it is important to have knowledge about social problems, which occur in the Tamil community. Social issues such as sexual abuse of children, violence, divorce, crime and other types of problems need to be investigated from a research perspective. Therefore, at Tamilshome we focus on preventing social problems among Tamils living in Tamil Eelam and diaspora Tamils.